10 Handicrafts of India That You Must Buy

From time immemorial, India has been known for its customs. When it comes to art and culture, India is among the most culturally rich countries in the world. Indian handicrafts have been loved and respected around the world and have amazed everyone. Many rural people still make a living from their creative works of art and India has still managed to preserve its artisans, their art, and crafts.

1) Pashmina shawl

Pashmina is a fine type of wool. Its textiles are woven for the first time in Kashmir. These shawls are made from a fine type of cashmere wool and then transported to the Kashmir Valley in North India, where it is processed entirely by hand. All steps, from combing and spinning, to weaving and finishing, are done entirely by hand by dedicated craftsmen and women. The main production center for Pashmina fabrics is the old Srinagar district. The approximate manufacturing time used to produce a single Pashmina shawl is 180 hours. They come in beautiful vibrant colors and have exquisite embroidery and at the same time can keep you warm and are also known for their softness.

2) Woodwork 

The northern states of India have a rich tradition of woodworking. The Punjab regions are famous for their exquisite wooden furniture. Kashmir is famous for its artifacts made of walnut. Chhattisgarh craftsmen specialize in wooden crafts such as masks, doors, window frames, and sculptures. Jharkhand is famous for its wooden toys that are always in pairs. Goa wood carvings are an aesthetic mix of Portuguese and Indian cultures, and the designs are primarily floral, animal and human figures. Endowed with abundant forests, carpentry is a popular handicraft in South India. It is mainly made of rosewood and sandalwood. Andhra Pradesh Red Sandalwood is used to make cutlery, delicate boxes, and paper knives in various designs. Madurai (a city in Tamil Nadu), is popular for its rosewood carvings. Karnataka is famous for its beautiful elephants, pictures, and furniture made of rosewood. Sandalwood is also used to make utility and decorative items, which are engraved with designs of flowers, vines, birds, and animals. Magnificent female figures are carved from Kumbli wood in Kerala.

3) Ceramic

Ceramic is considered the most sensual form of all the arts. The tradition of handmade pottery has been prevalent in India since the time of the Harappan civilization. North India is also known for various types of ceramic designs, ranging from colors such as orange, brown, and light red in Uttar Pradesh to black and dark red in Himachal Pradesh. In Rajasthan, Bikaner is famous for its painted pottery, Pokhran for its geometric patterned pottery, and Alwar for its Kagzi pottery. Jaipur blue pottery is also very famous. The potter occupies a unique position in Indian craft traditions.

4) Leather

The ancient convention of leather skill in India is tested by ancient sages and ascetics. In the past, leather was not only used in the manufacture of clothing and footwear, but also in the manufacture of caps, bags, saddles, shields, etc. India is famous worldwide for its leather products. Madhya Pradesh is also known for its leather crafts. Various leather goods are produced such as shoes, bags and clothing. Maharashtra is also famous for its leather shoes called Kolhapuri cocoons.

5) Jute

Jute craftsmen have created a worldwide position in the field of jute crafts. The wide variety of jute crafts includes bags, office stationery, bracelets and other jewelry, footwear, tapestries and many more. India is a jute craft center and people from all over the world visit jute craft fairs to buy these works of perfection. West Bengal, Assam and Bihar, being the main jute producers, pilot the jute craft market in India

6) Shell

Are there three types of shells from which crafts are made in India? conches, tortoiseshell and seashell. Different types of products such as bracelets, forks, decorative bowls, medallions, curtains, chandeliers, mirror frames, tablecloths, etc. are products of shell crafts. In general, places located on the seashore such as the Gulf of Mannar, Goa, Odisha, etc. They are the places for shell crafts and these pieces of art are found in abundance here at a lower price.

7) Brass Crafts

Brass is known for its durability, and this feature adds to its advantage when used as a craft. Different items include the Lord Ganesha figure in different postures, vases, tables, perforated lamps, ornament boxes, wine glasses and many more are widely used in many Indian houses.

These craftsmen dealing with brass crafts are known distinctly as “Kansaris”. The manufacture of brass crafts is mainly done in Rajasthan.

8) Bamboo Crafts

Bamboo crafts are the greenest crafts in India. The various items made from bamboo are baskets, dolls, toys, furniture, mats, tapestries, crossbows, jewelry boxes, and many more. Bamboo crafts are predominantly prepared in West Bengal, Assam and Tripura. On the whole; We can see that each region of India is endowed with unique craftsmanship that adds charm to the state and the country as a whole. The tradition of handicrafts has evolved through the generations, and there is a search for innovation and invention that continues to give each handicraft a contemporary look while preserving Indian heritage and culture.

9) Phulkari

Phulkari is the traditional Punjab folk embroidery that is famous worldwide. Essentially meaning floral work, Phulkari embroidery also covers geometric shapes, motifs, and other patterns. Spun from a charkha (spinning wheel), it is engraved on shawls, Kurtis and dupattas. Phulkari embroidery is done using a stitch on the wrong side of the fabric with colored silk threads. First brought to the Punjab state by the migrant population of Jaat, Phulkari is now equally loved across the country. It first became popular with the Heer & Ranjha story of Waris Shah. Over time, various techniques and types of Phulkari embroidery have emerged in India, such as Thirma, Darshan Dwar, Chope, Meenakari, and Kaudi Bagh, among others.

10) Zardozi

Zardozi’s embroidery work involves making elaborate designs, using gold and silver threads along with studded pearls and precious stones. The intricate gold designs are made from silk, velvet, and even fabrics famous in the state of Uttar Pradesh. However, today, artisans use a combination of copper wire, with a gold or silver polish, and a silk thread. This embroidery work is mainly a specialty of Lucknow, Bhopal, Hyderabad, Delhi, Agra, Kashmir, Mumbai, Ajmer, and Chennai.

Zardozi’s embroidery work involves making elaborate designs, using gold and silver threads along with studded pearls and precious stones. The intricate gold designs are made from silk, velvet, and even fabrics famous in the state of Uttar Pradesh. However, today, artisans use a combination of copper wire, with a gold or silver polish, and a silk thread. This embroidery work is mainly a specialty of Lucknow, Bhopal, Hyderabad, Delhi, Agra, Kashmir, Mumbai, Ajmer, and Chennai.

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